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Trump Orders Space Force Creation      02/20 06:23

   WASHINGTON (AP) -- President Donald Trump on Tuesday directed the Pentagon 
to develop plans to create a new Space Force within the Air Force, accepting 
less than the full-fledged department he'd wanted.

   Before signing a document instructing the defense secretary to draft 
proposed legislation, Trump said space is the "future" and the "next step."

   "We have to be prepared," he said in the Oval Office, flanked by Vice 
President Mike Pence, acting Defense Secretary Patrick Shanahan and other top 

   Trump initially said he wanted a Space Force that was "separate but equal" 
to the other military services. The current proposal falls short of that goal 
and faces some skepticism among lawmakers.

   If approved by Congress, the Space Force would be part of the Air Force, 
just as the Marine Corps is part of the Navy. It would not have its own 
full-blown bureaucracy, including a civilian secretary. It would instead have a 
Senate-confirmed undersecretary for space within the Air Force.

   It would be the first new uniformed military service since 1947, when the 
Air Force was created after World War II.

   The president's lofty vision for a Space Force became a hit at his campaign 
rallies last year, with supporters cheering and applauding the mere mention of 
a military force devoted to policing outer space. But the idea encountered 
resistance both inside and outside the administration among those who 
questioned the need and the potential costs.

   Before Trump ordered the Pentagon in June 2018 to begin laying the 
groundwork for a Space Force, then-Defense Secretary Jim Mattis had publicly 
questioned the wisdom of adding a separate service for space. Mattis agreed, 
however, that the Pentagon needed a more effective way of defending its 
interests in outer space.

   Mattis' lack of enthusiasm for creating a sixth military service --- after 
the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps and the Coast Guard --- was among his 
many differences with Trump. He has since resigned.

   The House has been supportive of creating a Space Force within the Air 
Force, along the lines of what Trump proposed on Tuesday. Senate support is 
less clear but seems likely to swing in Trump's favor. Rep. Mac Thornberry of 
Texas, the senior Republican on the House Armed Services Committee, said 
Tuesday that Trump's approach is "an important step toward real reform of 
national security space."

   Shanahan, a former longtime Boeing Co. executive who took over as acting 
defense secretary on Jan. 1, had spearheaded Pentagon planning for a Space 
Force in his previous role as deputy defense secretary. Shanahan has not 
shifted from the path that was set before Mattis resigned, and has stressed his 
interest in keeping the Space Force as economical as possible.

   "It's going to be small, as small as possible," Shanahan said last month, 
explaining his recommendation to Trump that a Space Force be part of the Air 

   Some questioned whether having a Space Force would increase the odds of 
armed conflict in space.

   "There are much better ways to protect satellites," said Laura Grego, a 
senior scientist at the Union of Concerned Scientists. "Space security cannot 
be achieved unilaterally or solely through military means. It will require 
coordination and cooperation with other spacefaring nations. That means 

   Under a legislative proposal being reviewed by the White House, the Space 
Force chief of staff would work within the Air Force and also be a member of 
the Joint Chiefs of Staff, the group of top uniformed military leaders who 
advise the president and defense secretary. A civilian undersecretary of the 
Air Force for space would be appointed by the president and confirmed by the 

   Cost estimates were not provided Tuesday. They are to be included in the 
2020 budget proposal Trump is expected to send to Congress next month.

   White House officials said seeing the Space Force become a separate military 
department remained a goal. But they said that, after hearing concerns from 
Congress, a decision was made to avoid going that route at the outset since it 
would have meant spending a lot of time building a bureaucracy and not focusing 
on the mission.

   The directive requires the defense secretary to conduct periodic reviews to 
determine when it would make the most sense to propose a stand-alone Space 
Force department.


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