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USDA Washington & Oregon Hay                       08/08 00:04
ML_GR310                                                                       
Moses Lake, WA    Fri Aug 07, 2020    USDA  Market News 
                                                                               
Washington-Oregon (Columbia Basin) Weekly Hay Report                           

NOTICE:  As Market News transitions reports to the MARS platform and My Market 
News, report formats will be converted from a text version to a more user-
friendly and accessible PDF format. In the next few weeks, this report will 
move 
to the new platform and will be accessible at: 
https://www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/AMS_3058.pdf If you would like to learn more 
about MARS and My Market News, please contact us at 
Websupport.lpgmn@ams.usda.gov.                                                  
                             

Tons:  2180    Last Week:  6700    Last Year:  650                             

Compared last Friday, all grades Good/Premium Alfalfa for export and 
domestic steady. Trade slow to moderate as most producers are starting 
3rd cutting. Demand remains good as export buyers sought out supplies. 
Exporters are busy doing 3 tie bales on 3rd cutting. Feed store/retail 
steady. All prices are dollars per ton and FOB 
the farm or ranch unless otherwise stated.  

                             Tons   Price Range   Wtd Avg    Comments          
  Alfalfa                                                                      
    Mid Square                                                                 
      Good                   2000  150.00-180.00  165.00     Del                
   

  Alfalfa                                                                      
    Small Square                                                               
      Premium                  90  230.00-230.00  230.00     Retail/Stable     

  Orchard Grass                                                                
    Small Square                                                               
      Premium                  90  230.00-230.00  230.00     Retail/Stable     

Alfalfa hay test guidelines, (for domestic livestock use and not more than 10% 
grass), used with visual appearance and intent of sale Quantitative factors are 
approximate and many factors can affect feeding value.                    
                                                                           
             ADF     NDF     RFV     TDN-100%    TDN-90%   CP-100%         
 Supreme     <27     <34     >185      >62       >55.9       >22           
 Premium    27-29   34-36   170-185   60.5-62   54.5-55.9   20-22          
 Good       29-32   36-40   150-170    58-60    52.5-54.5   18-20          
 Fair       32-35   40-44   130-150    56-58    50.5-52.5   16-18          
 Utility     >35     >44     <130      <56       <50.5       <16           
                                                                           
   RFV calculated using the Wis/Minn formula.  TDN calculated using the    
western formula. Values based on 100% dry matter, TDN both 90% and 100%. 

   Quantitative factors are approximate, and many factors can affect feeding 
Value.  Values based on 100 pct. dry matter.  End usage may influence hay price 
or 
value more than testing results. 

   ADF = Acid Detergent Fiber; NDF = Neutral Detergent Fiber; RFV = 
Relative Feed Value; TDN = Total Digestible nutrients. 

   Grass Hay guidelines
Quality       Crude Protein Percent 
Premium            Over 13
Good                  9-13
Fair                   5-9
Utility            Under 5

Contracted price - Price and conditions of sale agreed upon when buyer and 
Seller negotiates a transaction.
 
Hay Quality Designations physical descriptions:

Supreme: Very early maturity, pre bloom, soft fine stemmed, extra 
         leafy.  Factors indicative of very high nutritive content. 
         Hay is excellent color and free of damage.

Premium: Early maturity, i.e., pre-bloom in legumes and pre head in
         grass hays, extra leafy and fine stemmed-factors indicative of
         a high nutritive content.  Hay is green and free of damage.
 
Good:    Early to average maturity, i.e., early to mid-bloom in legumes
         and early head in grass hays, leafy, fine to medium stemmed,
         free of damage other than slight discoloration.
 
Fair:    Late maturity, i.e., mid to late-bloom in legumes, head-in 
         grass hays, moderate or below leaf content, and generally 
         coarse stemmed. Hay may show light damage.

Utility: Hay in very late maturity, such as mature seed pods in legumes
         or mature head in grass hays, coarse stemmed. This category
         could include hay discounted due to excessive damage and heavy
         weed content or mold.
                                                      
Source: USDA Market News, Moses Lake, WA.  
        Greg Sanders 509-393-1343 MosesLake.LPGMN@ams.usda.gov
        www.ams.usda.gov/mnreports/ML_GR310.txt
        http://www.ams.usda.gov/market-news/livestock-poultry-grain
        greg.sanders2@usda.gov
                  
0900p   gds

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